TurboGFP-Trap Affinity Reagents

Novel Antibody Fragment that binds TurboGFP Fusion Proteins

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Analyze the TurboGFP fusion proteins – in a tube
Fluorescent fusion proteins are popular tools to study protein localization and cellular dynamics. These constructs usually fuse the entirety–or at least a functional domain–of a target protein to one of the many types of reporter fluorescent proteins. The dimeric green fluorescent protein TurboGFP is derived from the green fluorescent protein CopGFP of the copepod Pontellina plumata (Shagin et al., 2004). It possesses bright green fluorescence with excitation maximum at 482 nm and emission maximum at 502 nm. TurboGFP is a fast maturating protein — its fluorescent signal within a cell is visible sooner than other green fluorescent proteins. TurboGFP shares only about 20 % sequence identity with jellyfish GFP variants. Therefore, most anti-GFP antibodies do not bind to TurboGFP – including our GFP-Nanobody used in GFP-Trap. It’s easy to image cells using a TurboGFP-fusion protein construct, though to get the full picture such imaging data is often combined with additional biochemical information for the protein (or protein domain) of interest.

For such biochemical experiments, typically a second fusion protein is designed using a different “tag” domain that allows for purification. These additional in vitro analyses can be used to confirm functionality of the “tagged” fusion construct, as well as to pull out multi-protein complexes that may form in the cellular milieu. The lack of specific, reliable, and efficient reagents has limited the use of GFP, and related fluorescent fusion proteins, for use in both cell biology studies and direct biochemical analysis.

TurboGFP-Traps utilize super-high affinity alpaca antibody fragments coupled to agarose beads or magnetic agarose beads. These “Nanobody-Traps” are perfect for immuno-precipitation, immuno-purification, and immuno-pull down experiments with up to 10-fold better purity (and yield) than that of conventional mouse monoclonal antibodies. Compatible with a variety of source materials, Nanobody-Traps may be used with mammalian cells, tissues & organs, bacteria, yeast, and even plants. These reagents allow your TurboGFP-fusions to be perfect candidates for immunoprecipitations, Co-IP, mass spectroscopy, enzyme activity measurements, and ChIP analysis.



What’s your lab’s favorite flavor?
Nanobody-Traps are high quality binding proteins coupled to a monovalent matrix (agarose beads, magnetic particles) for biochemical analysis of many fusion proteins and their interacting partners. The different formats allow you to perform a multitude of experiments. The most popular forms are Nanobody-Traps linked to agarose beads. Agarose beads provide the largest binding capacity and lowest background, while still being easy to work with. If automation is important to your lab, then magnetic agarose particles are a great choice. The purified protein complexes are compatible with down-stream analyses such as mass spectroscopy.

Over 50 fluorescent proteins have been checked with Nanobody-Traps, click to check!


Camelidae single-domain antibodies are like IgGs on steroids

The family of animals known as Camelidae (camels, llamas, and alpacas) produce functional antibodies devoid of light chains, so-called “heavy chain” antibodies. These heavy chain antibodies recognize and bind their antigens via a single variable domain. When cleaved from their carboxy tail, these barrel-shaped structures (2×3 nm) are extraordinarily small, naturally-occurring, and intact antigen binding fragments (MW of 13 kDa). These fragments, called Nanobodies, are characterized by high specificity, affinities in the low nanomolar range, and dissociation constants in the sub-nanomolar range (typically 10- to 100-fold better than mouse IgGs). The compact size of Nanobodies makes them extremely stable at temperatures up to 70°C, and functional even in 2M NaCl or 0.5% SDS. These small and powerful antibody fragments can be used in a variety of unique applications. They will open up your research possibilities.


TurboGFP-Traps Coupled to Agarose

TurboGFP-Traps Coupled to Magnetic Agarose Beads

TurboGFP-Traps Non-Coupled

Binding Controls

Spin Columns

SPECIFICATIONS
Configuration:

TurboGFP-Trap A

Specific Camelidae antibody linked to agarose bead

TurboGFP-Trap MA

Specific Camelidae antibody linked to magnetic agarose particle

TurboGFP-Trap

Uncoupled and purified Camelidae antibody
Specificity:

TurboGFP-Traps

TurboGFP and CopGFP from the copepod Pontellina plumata.

(Turbo-GFP has only about 20% sequence identity compared with commonly used GFP variants. Therefore TurboGFP-Trap does not cross-react with EGFP, YFP, CFP, mNeonGreen, etc.)

Particle Size:

TurboGFP-Trap A

~90 µm

TurboGFP-Trap MA

~40 µm

TurboGFP-Trap

No particle coupled
Storage Buffer:

TurboGFP-Trap A

20% EtOH

TurboGFP-Trap MA

20% EtOH

TurboGFP-Trap

1x PBS; Preservative: 0.01% Sodium Azide
Storage and Stability:

TurboGFP-Trap A

store at 4°C; stable for one year. Do not freeze.

TurboGFP-Trap MA

store at 4°C; stable for one year. Do not freeze.

TurboGFP-Trap

store at 4°C; stable for one year. Do not freeze.